Rooster Teeth Poppycock

    • 5 Dumb Questions About Cashews (RT Food #1)

      13 hours ago

      Rooster Teeth Poppycock

      By @charlesaustin


      People agree that a peanut is a very normal nut*. They are so normal that we have allowed them into human society. We all know Mr. Peanut. He is a very respectable spokesperson and he looks like he could impress a dinner party of Manhattan elites with a well-timed quip at a $25,000-a-plate fundraiser.

      You would be happy to welcome him into your home. You would vote for him to be mayor. Your children may be allergic to him, but they still respect him as a businessperson and an American icon.

      By all appearances, the cashew isn’t much different. This guy is pretty peanut-like when you see him in a can of mixed nuts. Sure, he looks a little different, but he seems like an altogether upstanding nut.

      But he is not. The cashew is not like you or me and is fucked up. The cashew nut is actually the seed of an apple, and it grows outside of the apple, not inside where it belongs. And while the humble peanut stays close to the ground, to remind us of its meager beginnings, arrogant cashew trees can grow as high as 46 feet tall. This tree is what tree scholars would call “too big for its britches.”

      I am sure you all have a lot of questions about this uncouth nut, but I am going to answer these fake made-up ones instead.

      Can I eat the cashew nut?

      Obviously. This is a very stupid question. People eat cashews all the time. If these questions don’t get better, this is not going to be a very good article.

      Can I eat the cashew fruit?

      Yes, and in fact it’s more popular in Brazil than the nut is. The reason you don’t see it in much of the world is that it’s a soft fruit with a fragile skin and it doesn’t travel well. But in Brazil, for example, the cashew apple is all over the place. Sometimes it’s added to the national cocktail, the Caipirinha, in a variation known as a Caipifruta. Wikipedia claims that fruit drinks made with cashew apple have “notes of mango, raw green pepper, and just a little hint of grapefruit-like citrus.” Who are we to disagree?

      So fermenting the cashew apple can get you drunk, but there’s no reason to stop there. It’s also eaten fresh from the tree or prepared in curries, jams, preserves, and chutneys. You can eat it in a box with a fox or any number of other Seussian locations.

      I just bought a new house with a 1.7-acre backyard. Could I plant the world’s largest cashew tree in my yard?

      First of all, congratulations on becoming a homeowner. But no, you could not. The world’s largest cashew tree, located in Brazil, covers at least 1.8 acres of space, and maybe a bit more. That sounds really big, and it is, but don’t get it twisted. It’s not like the tree has one gigantic trunk that’s two acres in diameter, even though that would be a lot cooler. In actuality, the tree’s many branches, over the years (more than a hundred, possibly a thousand), have slumped to the ground and then sprouted roots of their own, making for one big tree that’s almost like a network of small trees. The tree is basically an orchard of its own. It produces around 60,000 fruits per year and could probably become a pretty good tourist destination if they installed some phone chargers and a Wifi hotspot.


      What kind of god would allow this to happen on Earth?

      Eating is well and good, but how can I use cashews to kill people?

      There are plenty of ways.

      First off, have you ever wondered why you never see cashews for sale in the shell? It turns out, they actually have two shells, and between the two layers are caustic acids: cardol and anacardic acid. These can severely burn your skin. Feel free to imagine how a Bond villain might use this to nefarious advantage.

      There are plenty of real-world examples of putting these acids to use too. In World War II, the Office of Strategic Services poured cashew-shell oil into German engine crankcases to sabotage their vehicles.

      As for how cashew roasters make sure there’s no toxicity in the cashews we buy in the store: the roasting process eliminates the acids, but the cashews must be roasted outside because the fumes from roasting can cause possibly life-threatening irritation of the lungs. This, we guess, is another way that cashews can kill someone.

      What can cashews tell us about trade?

      Glad you asked. Cashew trees are native to Brazil, but the Portuguese spread them around the world in the middle of the 16th Century. One place they brought them was India, and today India processes a large portion of the world’s cashews. But the modern cashew industry isn’t the only way this cultural and ecological cross-pollination has shaped India.

      Cashews have been used in Indian cuisine since the time they arrived in the country. Dishes that we think of as distinctly Indian—korma, for example—wouldn’t be how they are without cashews. Some of the basics of Indian cuisine are, in this way, owed to the Portuguese.

      Of course, the global economy imposes downsides too. Indian women who process cashews often make about two or three U.S. dollars for a 10-hour day of work, and suffer severe damage to their hands from handling the cashews’ corrosive acids.

      In Vietnam, some cashews are shelled in forced labor camps by “drug addicts ... who are beaten and subjected to electric shocks.” Unfortunately, this is not one of the things that makes cashews strange or unique. Many of the foods we eat are produced using forced or coercive labor practices. It’s a problem which, in the near term, shows the importance of fair-trade practices, and in the long term signals the need to transition to a more equitable world economy.

      *Yes, we all know that peanuts are technically legumes.

    • Fan Art Friday #86: Atomic Yang by Xuelder

      3 days ago

      Rooster Teeth Poppycock

      It’s time for our weekly look at the best Rooster Teeth fan art from our community, curated by the fine folks at BIGBITE!

      This week’s featured artist is Christian, AKA @Xuelder, for this Atomic Blonde-inspired illustration of Yang.


      Christian lives in New Orleans, where he’s working on an indie game project and looking into freelance in the greater games industry.

      He loves the movie Atomic Blonde, and was inspired to make this piece with Yang Xiao Long. To create this illustration, Christian used a program called Marmoset Hexels and free-hand drew it. Hexels uses six- or three-sided polygons called Hexels and Trixels, respectively, instead of the traditional four-sided pixel. This creates stylized low poly style art fairly easily. The text and texture were done in Fire Alpaca.


      Want a chance to be featured in future Fan Art Fridays? Head over to the Fan Art Friday thread in the Art forum to find out how!

    • Answers to Questions Posed in RT Podcast #456

      5 days ago

      Rooster Teeth Poppycock

      It's time for our regular segment in which @Gafgarian (AKA Jeremiah Palmer) provides answers to the burning questions left unanswered in each episode of the Rooster Teeth Podcast. Read on to get closure for Burnie and Ashley Air their Grievances – #456.


      What is Whole30?

      According to the official Whole30 documentation, Whole30 was founded by Melissa and Dallas Hartwig in 2009 with the goal of "resetting" your body's metabolism, immune system, and general health by severely limiting the amount, and type, of nutrients you take in during a 30-day period. According to creator, Melissa Hartwig, the goal is to "eliminate the most common craving inducing, blood sugar disrupting, gut damaging, inflammatory food groups for a full 30 days... [In order to] let your body heal and recover from whatever effects those foods may be causing."

      In short, this means that you can, and should, eat meat, poultry, fish, vegetables, fruit, and fats. By contrast, you must avoid the following at all costs: sugar (of all types, including natural sweeteners), alcohol, grains, smoking, beans/legumes, soy, dairy, and all of the processed unpronounceable ingredients. Easy, right?

      Hartwig has stood fully behind her nutrition program for nearly 10 years and claims that a successful 30-day stint is not as difficult as you might imagine, largely because, in her mind, it isn't a "diet." Hartwig believes that we spend most diets "white-knuckling" our way through calorie counting and deprivation and this essentially dooms us to struggle and eventually fail from the very beginning. Whole30, by contrast, has no points system or calorie tracking.

      Along with a detailed description of how the nutrition plan works, and the rules associated, the website also has a large collection of testimonials from people who have successfully completed the 30-day challenge. Among these testimonials are reports of extremely reduced symptoms and even "miracle cure" stories involving conditions stemming from high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, allergies, hives, infertility, migraines, severe depression, ADHD, lupus, Crohn's, and many others, including something called "leaky gut syndrome." This is apparently a "hypothetical" and "medically unrecognized condition" which is commonly claimed among "nutritionists and practitioners of alternative medicine" to be a real condition. Psychiatrist, and owner of Quackwatch, Stephen Barrett describes the "syndrome" as a "fad diagnosis" which is used to promote unrecognized, and sometimes dangerous, alternative health practices including diets and dietary supplements.

      This should not be misconstrued as me saying Whole30 belongs in the same group as some of the insanity Barrett has outlined on Quackwatch. For its part, Whole30, by the opinions of most nutritionists, doctors, and psychiatrists, does seem to get several points correct with regard to what nutrients do, and do not, the body good. The biggest pieces detractors latch onto actually have less to do with the rules of the Whole30 program and more to do with Hartwig's "snake oil salesman" routine to get mass buy-in and add-on sales of sponsored products through the Whole30 website. They point out that listing the serious diseases above on the site with the word "cure," even in quotes as it is on the Whole30 site, is a dangerous precedent and expectation to set, even if unintentional.

      Ultimately, the point out that, even if Whole30 were a 100% viable and fully backed nutrition plan, it naturally keeps "poor company" in that it is often grouped in with other less-than-reputable fad diets and alternative medicine, in general. This proliferation of various alternative medicines as a possible "miracle drug" to all that ails you has become a growing mainstream issue, largely due to the public's general distrust in "Big Pharma" and the healthcare industry as a whole. Now it's your turn. What do you think? Are fad diets like Whole30, the very similar Paleo diet, and others breeding a greater distrust in established medicine or is this type of negative publicity just the conspiracy machine working in favor of the man?

      What is cacao?

      I will be honest, there have been only a few questions which I have been able to answer without actually doing any research on the topic. Surprisingly, this was actually one of them. I guess all those years of growing up ten minutes from Hershey's Chocolate World finally came in handy!

      First up, despite their very similar spellings, cacao is absolutely NOT the same thing as cocoa. However, technically cocoa IS cacao, only a refined and processed version of it. Chocolate, regardless of what form it ends up in, all comes from the same seeds; those of the Theobroma cacao tree. Native to South America, its seed pods look roughly like a deflated coconut football, are harvested, cracked, and emptied of their coffee-bean like seeds. These cacao beans are the purest form of cacao and are often eaten raw in various regions of South America, as their health benefits as natural antioxidants are much greater pre-processing. In fact, most studies involving the "health benefits of chocolate" are not actually looking at your closest Snickers bar, but rather the unprocessed cacao bean... A bit misleading there, huh?


      Cacao powder is used in baking as a chocolate flavoring as well and will present as a more bitter taste. Cocoa is heated at a much higher temperature than cacao which brings forth a richer sweeter taste but also diminishes a good bit of the nutritional value. This drop in value as an antioxidant is especially severe, with 100 grams of raw cacao having its antioxidant levels reduced by nearly 75% after processing.


      Are the ball magnets illegal?

      In 2012, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) issued its first stop-sale order in 11 years when it ordered a mandatory recall of Buckyballs and Zen Magnets. In 2014, this would be extended to an outright ban on the small magnets. These small Neodymium magnetic spheres were ultimately banned because, while marketed to adults, they would find their way into the hands of young children. These children would inevitably swallow the little magnetic beads, like you do, leading to some pretty serious medical cases.


      The trouble is that, unlike most things swallowed by children, these are unlikely to pass on their own if more than one is swallowed. This is because the little magnets are exceptionally strong for their small size and will attract each other through the thin organ membranes of the human body. This can easily lead to serious cases of internal bleeding and other internal lacerations. There have been numerous cases of this exact incident over the years, including a 3-year-old Oregonian who swallowed 37 of tiny magnets in 2012. They would eventually bore four holes through here gastrointestinal system. A 6-year-old would swallow 19 of the tiny beads in 2013, leading to two holes in her bowels.

      Following their ban, stores across the country, including Amazon, dropped all mentions of the product, refusing to even process resales of the controversial toy. In 2016, however, an administrative judge would rule in favor of Zen Magnets, saying, "90% of the predicate injuries only 'possibly' involved magnet sets provides the court with little guidance." Which essentially means that, in the view of that judge, the CPSC did not provide adequate evidence showing the true danger of the toys and that the harms associated with them were "overstated." Timothy Mullins, the representative for Buckyballs during the proceedings, stated afterwards that, "Nobody wants anyone to be injured, but we do accept as a society that there are products that injure people because the benefit outweighs the risk."

      What do you think? Should we limit, or outright ban, the sale of certain products because they could accidentally be used contrary to their actual use case and lead to great harm, or even death? Does it make a difference if these people are very young children? As a parent... and a lover of magnetic toys... I'm pretty torn on this one honestly.

      What are the feats which David Blaine has performed?

      Since 1999, illusionist and self-proclaimed endurance artist, David Blaine, has performed ten endurance stunts. His most recent took place in 2012, atop a 22-foot high pillar at NYC's Pier 54. The three day stunt featured him wearing a faraday cage outfit in order to protect him from the millions of volts being generated by the seven Tesla coils surrounding him. In addition to electricity, previous stunts have included blocks of ice, tanks of water, suspension upside down, a plexiglass case suspended over the Thames in London, a rotating gyroscope, and a 100-foot tall pillar in NYC's Bryant Park. In performing these stunts he has broken a few different endurance records, though they were relatively quickly broken by others in a less public spectacle. The most well known of these was a stunt during a 2008 appearance on the Oprah Winfrey Show in which he broke the world record for oxygen assisted static apnea after submerging himself for 17 minutes 4-1/2 seconds. In addition to his public appearances, Blaine has performed privately for every US president since Bill Clinton as well as notables such as Michael Jackson and Muhammad Ali.

      The proper way to open pistachios?

      Turns out the secret was there the whole time!

      GIF or (J)IF?

      This has become a pretty polarizing topic since GIF creator Steve Wilhite's 2013 proclamation that “The Oxford English Dictionary accepts both pronunciations. They are wrong. It is a soft ‘G,’ pronounced ‘jif.’ End of story.”

      California web developer, Aaron Basinet has taken his opinion on the matter pretty seriously, creating the website On the site, he explains that "every word that starts with G, then a vowel, then an F, is pronounced with a hard G. For example: Gaffe. Gift. Guff. Guffaw." He also points out that most one-syllable words that begin with G also have a hard G. Ignoring the multiple syllable "giraffe" Aaron explains that the one-syllable words which do have the soft "g" are either direct translations from other languages or abbreviations of larger words using the soft "g" sound, for example, gel's relation to gelatin or geo's to geology.

      Additionally, he points out the popular argument that the word the "g" stands for also begins with hard "g." While he acknowledges that this is not a perfect supporting factor because other acronyms in the tech space do not follow that "rule" such as with JPEGs hard "p" pronunciation despite it standing for the word photography. Explaining that "pronunciation of acronyms tends to follow pronunciation rules like any regular word," Aaron is adamant that the ONLY reason for the soft "g" pronunciation is Whilhite's controversial 2013 comment on the subject.

      While it is certainly true that Whilhite believes the pronunciation to be with the soft "g," chief editor for the Oxford English Dictionary, John Simpson, is quick to point out that, "the pronunciation with a hard g is now very widespread and readily understood. A coiner effectively loses control of a word once it’s out there…” In other words, Wilhite allowed, admittedly without much choice, his creation's pronunciation to enter the lexicon with the "incorrect" hard "g." Much the same way as the man who coined the name scuba, Dr. Christian Lambertsen, did not control the public's pronunciation of the long "u," Whilhite has no more control over GIF's pronunciation.

      Naturally, it wouldn't be answer post without an expectation of your opinions so... here is your strawpoll. Let me know how wrong I am!

      Who did Troy Baker voice in Persona 4?

      First of all, Troy Baker is unfairly charismatic. Good lord, I quickly found the answer to this but immediately fell down a rabbit hole of Baker-isms that make me fawn over him almost as much as Barbara does.

      "You can never own a role. You're merely a custodian of it for awhile, and that's it. Who owns King Lear? Who owns Richard the Third? You find something about you in that character that makes it personal to you and you get to interpret it but you never get to own it...I can never fully own Kanji. If it belongs to anybody, it belongs to you guys. It belongs to the fans." (0_0)

      Here's the clip that started it all.

      Oh, and Matthew Mercer is the actual answer. :)

      Do raccoons wash their food?

      Despite their scientific name of Procyon lotor, meaning "washing bear", they do not actually was their food. Washing food prior to consuming is not an unheard of trait in the animal world however, in an effort to settle the debate once and for all, the London Zoo began a study in 1961. The study would find that, even in cases where no water was present, the animals would still go through the washing motions as if they were cleaning the food. Further study on this would puzzle researchers as they observed the animals "washing" meats more than plants and not washing dirty earthworms at all. A later study by biologists Rasmusson and Turnbull would discover that the primate-like hands of the raccoon would have increased tactile sensation and nerve responsiveness when wet. Turns out this "washing" process is less about the food being held and more about the tiny furry hands doing the holding. By wetting their hands they are able to get more vivid information on the food they are about to consume.

      Unlike a primate's skin, racoons to not have papillary ridges on their palms which help increase this tactile response without the need for water. These ridges are what make up our fingerprints and contain thousands of living cells whose only job is to respond to sensations like pressure, tension, and friction. Conversely, the raccoon's poorer than average eyesight and reliance on sense of smell and hearing, combined with their lack of these ridges, leave the little "trash pandas" struggling to realize what they are sticking in their mouths. Given this new insight, that had to have made the cotton candy raccoon that much more confused.

    • Fan Art Friday #85: RWBY Dice Box by Nguyen013

      1 week ago

      Rooster Teeth Poppycock

      It’s time for our weekly look at the best Rooster Teeth fan art from our community, curated by the fine folks at BIGBITE!

      This week’s featured artist is Anthony Nguyen, AKA @Nguyen013, for this RWBY-themed dice box.


      Anthony lives in Diamond Bar, California, where he’s a graphic design student and a freelance illustrator.

      He used a few different applications to create this piece: the layouts were made in AutoCAD 2016, and illustrations of Pyrrha's emblem and sigil were made in Adobe Photoshop CC and converted into Adobe Illustrator CC. The actual box is made of ¼” thick plywood, and was laser etched. He added coffee stains to create a certain effect on the wood, then pieces were assembled and held together with wood glue. Overall, this box took about seven hours to create.


      Want a chance to be featured in future Fan Art Fridays? Head over to the Fan Art Friday thread in the Art forum to find out how!

    • Fan Art Friday #84: AeroJett

      2 weeks ago

      Rooster Teeth Poppycock

      It’s time for our weekly look at the best Rooster Teeth fan art from our community, curated by the fine folks at BIGBITE!

      This week’s featured artist is Jett Furr, AKA @AeroJett, for this Fan Service poster.


      Jett lives in North Carolina, where he’s a freelance artist and a part-timer at a fitness center. To create this piece, he used Sketchbook Pro to paint the background, draw lines, and color the Fan Service crew, then he remade the My Hero Academia logo in Illustrator CC, and put it all together in Photoshop CC. It took roughly 20-24 hours, partially due to a change in the layout after the rough stage.


      Want a chance to be featured in future Fan Art Fridays? Head over to the Fan Art Friday thread in the Art forum to find out how!

    • Fan Art Friday #83: VanCityBBall

      3 weeks ago

      Rooster Teeth Poppycock

      It’s time for our weekly look at the best Rooster Teeth fan art from our community, curated by the fine folks at BIGBITE!

      This week’s featured artist is Tyler Li, AKA @VanCityBBall, for this Rooster Teeth logo illustration.


      Tyler is a production artist and freelance graphic designer based in Vancouver, British Columbia. This design was created in Adobe Illustrator, but the “Rooster Teeth” writing was first done by hand in his sketchbook. You can see more of Tyler’s work on his Instagram.


      Want a chance to be featured in future Fan Art Fridays? Head over to the Fan Art Friday thread in the Art forum to find out how!

    • Answers to Questions Posed in RT Podcast #447

      3 weeks ago

      Rooster Teeth Poppycock

      It's time for our regular segment in which @Gafgarian (AKA Jeremiah Palmer) provides answers to the burning questions left unanswered in each episode of the Rooster Teeth Podcast. Read on to get closure for Geoff the Hermit – #447.


      Why is leaving without a goodbye called an "Irish Exit"?

      Whether it is known as the Irish Exit, Irish Goodbye, Shamrock Shuffle, or the more modern “ghosting,” the Irish Exit is anything but new. Unfortunately, it is this long history, and I'm sure not a small amount of whiskey, which has led to the origin of the phrase to be lost to time. Depending on which Irish forum you stumble upon, you will find various opinions as to why this perceived effrontery to etiquette is tied to the Emerald Isle.

      An often-seen favorite – however wholly unverifiable – theory is that it has ties to the mass exodus of over a million Irish men, women, and children during the infamous Potato Famine. Since this roughly seven-year period was prior to the transatlantic cable and the communicative power of the telegraph, this exodus usually meant that the goodbyes were forever. Because of this, there were many cases of people abruptly disappearing, refusing to let close friends and family know that they were preparing for the voyage to their new homes. This was, presumably, to avoid uncomfortably long and painful goodbyes with loved ones.

      Another frequently seen potential cause is the simple thought that a traditional Irish home, and its occupants, make such a fuss about welcoming guests that the act of essentially disappearing once you have decided the party is over is a direct response to the fussiness of that welcoming.

      One article, written by an Irish woman and having several comments by other self-proclaimed people of Irish descent, went so far as to say, "Irish people do not understand brevity. They don’t know how to make a long story short, nor do they understand why you would ever attempt to." While the lengthy welcoming ritual is unavoidable due to the act of suddenly appearing at a place, the Irish Goodbye allows you to just as suddenly no longer appear at a place. It is the apparent culture-wide acceptance of this abrupt disappearance that keeps it from being considered rude. As long as the person you suddenly disappear on is Irish enough to agree with you.

      It should be noted that the use of "ghosting" as a synonym for the Irish Exit is a bit misleading, as the more frequent use of the word is as a description of the sudden, complete, and unapologetic severing of ties which some may choose to do to a potential suitor.

      Given that the RT Community consists of people from all over the world, I am definitely interested in getting a first-hand confirmation on this from the community... so... get to it! Which one of you has the grandma that is so happy to invite you, or anyone really, for tea, biscuits, with milk, without milk, soy milk, cakes, stew, pies, etc.?  

      Note from Becca: My mom has always said of my Irish grandmother, “You ask her for the time and she tells you how to build a clock.”

      Are the Star Wars prequels "good" movies?

      No... they just are not. Regardless of what any one may say in an attempt to defend the movies, they are not "good" movies by any stretch of the imagination. While Revenge of the Sith is far closer than the other two, it still misses the mark by quite a bit.

      I am going to attempt to look at the movies from a purely cinematic point of view in order to answer as honestly as possible. On a related note, for anyone who has not been introduced to RedLetterMedia's breakdown of the movies, specifically Mr. Plinkett's series on The Phantom Menace, then you have done yourself a great disservice. From both a fan's and "professional" film critic's perspective, his breakdown, though peculiar at times, is phenomenal.

      Regarding what makes a movie "good," this is obviously a pretty subjective conversation, but most critics and moviegoers in general would likely agree there are a few attributes that every good movie has, and great movies have in droves. These include good characters we like to love and bad characters we like to hate. It should have identifiable and relatable stakes that matter in the scope of the overall story. Finally, it should accomplish its purpose, make you feel, and make you actually give a damn.

      The prequels do not need to have all of these but it would nice if they hit a few of the points, which they just don't. Unfortunately, the only reason we care about any of the characters is due to our attachment to the characters from the original trilogy and the characters that were not part of the original trilogy, we really don't give a shit about. The good characters, we don't love, let alone enjoy loving them and the bad characters, assuming we can even identify them, we don't really hate. This is largely because we can't really tell who the villain is throughout most of the movie and every character, including the ones we love purely due to our nostalgia, are flat and seem shoehorned into being relevant to the overall story. I could go on and on about this but I will never do a better job than Mr. Plinkett and I am much more interested in seeing the comments on this one. I imagine that this topic is pretty polarizing and there is bound to be some fool in the RT Community who incorrectly believes that the prequels were legitimately "good" movies. :)

      What is Jake Lloyd doing these days?

      Little Ani, now going by the pseudonym Jake Broadbent, hasn't had the easiest early years. Largely because The Phantom Menace is just not a good movie and, to be honest, Star Wars fans can be shitheads. Combine that with a bunch of overly opinionated middle schoolers and you get an unfortunate amount of teasing, ridicule, and bullying by his school mates. This bullying was so intense that it eventually led to his retirement from acting and the destruction of all Lloyd's collected set memorabilia a mere three years after the film's release.

      He would later be diagnosed as schizophrenic and, in 2015, he was arrested and charged with reckless driving, driving without a license, and resisting arrest after running from a traffic stop and, shortly after, crashing into a tree. His lawyer argued, unsuccessfully that his actions were due to a lapse in his meds.

      What else is Steven Ogg doing?

      Grand Theft Auto V was good to Ogg... great actually. Before GTA, the most impressive credit on his IMDB is a minor role as a struggling artist in an episode of Law and Order. Since his role as everyone's favorite sociopath, Ogg has appeared in high profile television shows such as Westworld, Better Call Saul, and The Walking Dead. A common thread with these various roles is their extremely questionable grip on reality or respect for any semblance of law and order. Along with his popular portrayal of Negan's right-hand man, Simon, Steven has also recently wrapped a few movie roles including the lead in a largely solo space thriller called Solis.

      Is there such thing as an unhealthy amount of reading?

      It is very difficult to find any legitimate research on this topic as, while there are very many articles written on the subject, nearly all are written in jest or as an ironic jab towards their "addiction." However, there is very real science behind the idea that everything, regardless of how harmful it may or may not seem, is suitable in moderation.

      Perhaps Einstein said it best with, "Reading, after a certain age, diverts the mind too much from its creative pursuits. Any man who reads too much and uses his own brain too little falls into lazy habits of thinking." In other words, when reading, or any hobby becomes so pervasive that you are neglecting your responsibilities, losing track of time, lack of socialization, or developing withdrawal symptoms such as irritability and depression when you are unable to read then you are officially an addict. While there are obviously worse things to be addicted to, too much of a good thing is a popular idiom for a reason.

    • Fan Art Friday #82: Ruby by RoseMaryM

      1 month ago

      Rooster Teeth Poppycock

      It’s time for our weekly look at the best Rooster Teeth fan art from our community, curated by the fine folks at BIGBITE!

      This week’s featured artist is Rose, AKA @RoseMaryM, for this Ruby illustration.


      Rose lives in Canada, but is originally from Germany. She created this illustration using Clip Studio Paint Pro (CSP) and a Star03 Pen Tablet. Overall, it took about three hours to complete.


      Want a chance to be featured in future Fan Art Fridays? Head over to the Fan Art Friday thread in the Art forum to find out how!

    • Fan Art Friday #81: Yang Cosplay by VickyKujikawa

      1 month ago

      Rooster Teeth Poppycock

      It’s time for our weekly look at the best Rooster Teeth fan art from our community, curated by the fine folks at BIGBITE!

      This week’s featured artist is Vicky, AKA @VickyKujikawa, for this Yang cosplay.


      Vicky is a student based in Madrid, Spain. She created this cosplay after she first saw Yang in the “Yellow” Trailer. When the first season of RWBY was released, Yang turned out to be Vicky's favorite character. Good thing she already had a Yang cosplay ready to go!

      This cosplay was constructed over the span of a month, whenever Vicky was able to take breaks from studying. The entire thing was made from scratch; she made all the patterns and sewed them, and also made the Ember Celica herself.


      Want a chance to be featured in future Fan Art Fridays? Head over to the Fan Art Friday thread in the Art forum to find out how!

    • Answers to Questions Posed in RT Podcast #446

      1 month ago

      Rooster Teeth Poppycock

      It's time for our regular segment in which @Gafgarian (AKA Jeremiah Palmer) provides answers to the burning questions left unanswered in each episode of the Rooster Teeth Podcast. Read on to get closure for What Makes a Puppet a Muppet? – #446.


      Is the Texas A&M dog inbred?

      While individual breeding practices may vary among breeders and it is true that the rough collie breed is commonly the victim of forced inbreeding, there is no evidence to suggest that any Reveille has come from a compromised lineage. Given that several Reveilles can trace their lineage to a recognized, and registered, show breed lines which have been geographically separated by sometimes thousands of miles, it is extremely unlikely that inbreeding has been involved.

      The definitive guide to next, last, this, and past?

      I suppose there should be some sort of trigger warning prefacing this section as everyone seems to be an expert or at least seem to be really confident in their opinions. I should also point out that, like the question below, the rules that govern this logic do tend to be a bit more "guideline-y" than strict rule sets. All that out of the way, let's attempt to make this as painless as possible.

      Firstly, past and last, are the same thing. Whether you are saying, "past two weeks" or "last two weeks," in both cases, the words are interchangeable. This makes things a bit easier since we now only have three words to arbitrarily define the usage of.

      Arguably, the easier of the three is LAST but to make it easier to keep track, we are going to, fittingly, cover that last. I am sure you can guess which comes next so, first up is "this". Across all of these words, the common thread of complexity is the incorrect interpretation of another's use of the specific word. If everyone would acknowledge that the simplest definition and usage of the word is, naturally, the best, then there would be no confusion. In the case of "this," the confusion most often occurs when discussing days of the week. If I say, "this year is going quick," it is pretty obvious that I mean 2017. Just as if I were to demand that my kid, "come here this instant," that they are expected to come immediately before the instant passes. The complexity we most often experience happens when I say, on a Thursday, "this Tuesday is a good day." The reason for the confusion is actually caused by the incorrect tenses present, or not, in the statement. The sentence, "this Tuesday is a good day," in almost all cases, should actually be "this Tuesday is going to be a good day," OR "this Tuesday was a good day." The only grammatically correct use of "this Tuesday is a good day," is a direct response to a question such as "what day is good for you." In this case, the use of "this" serves the same purpose as "next" in that it is referring to the very next occurrence of whatever moment was named.

      As mentioned above, "next" is referring to the very next occurrence of the moment mentioned. For example, if I say, on a Monday, that "next Tuesday is good for me," I am actually referring to tomorrow. I think we can all agree that the logic behind using that phrase rather than simply saying "tomorrow" is pretty flawed but that doesn't make the expected usage and definition of the preposition any different. At least it shouldn't.

      As promised, there are a few caveats with this but the quick summary is that if you use "last" without using the definitive article "the" and following it with a specific event, or number, then it is referring to the described moment (day, week, year, etc.) which occurred directly before the current one. That means that if, on a Monday, you say, "last Tuesday was a good day," you are referring to the Tuesday exactly six days prior. It also means that if, on that Monday, you say, "last Sunday's episode of Day 5 was amazing!" you mean that yesterday's (being the most recent occurred Sunday) episode was amazing. While this is incorrectly, and often, made complicated by a person's assumption that a person would say "yesterday" rather than use "last" it does not make it any less correct and using, or expecting it to be used, in any other way is just wrong.

      For me, it is perhaps the slow changing of perception when these various words are used which is the most interesting. Despite the rules governing their correct usage being pretty ingrained in what some may perceive as common sense, we tend to over-complicate their usage almost immediately. Our assumptions that someone would use other relevant words like "yesterday" or "tomorrow" where appropriate leads to a confusing bastardization of language rules. Language, more than any other area of human study, is the one which falls "victim" to the "majority correctness" we discussed a few weeks back. The idea that if enough people believe your statement is correct, it becomes so, is a dangerous one. But it is even more concerning when involving language as changes in the expected uses of certain words over time can lead to incorrect interpretations of older texts or just complete confusion during the daily discussion.

      To summarize, in a way which perhaps only Becca can truly appreciate, we should all strive to be "language purists," force it to be used correctly by yourself and those around you or we are all doomed to eventually not have a fucking clue what anyone else is actually talking about.

      P.S. The number of grammatical errors in these last few paragraphs it not lost on me. We all make mistakes :P

      What is a couple vs. a few?

      I was a bit surprised to learn that there are no actual rules governing the use of “couple,” “few,” “some,” “several,” and “many.” There do exist various guidelines which can be used to help you make a judgment call on what "sounds correct" given the situation. While most would likely say that "couple" is referring to two of something, the appropriate number word for more than two can be a bit subjective. Of all the available number words, "few" is probably one of the most complicated. This is because of its negative use case. For example, the statement "I have few dollars remaining" can be interpreted various ways because of the lack of "a" or "too". Adding one of those words can immediately change the way the sentence is consumed. The connotation of "I have too few dollars remaining" is absolutely less than "I have a few dollars remaining." Language is strange like that.

      It is for this reason that it is important to keep the word's usage in perspective and understand that it is largely dependent upon the circumstance and person using the word. I am far more interested in your thoughts than my own opinions on this one and don't want to sway you in any way by making an argument for, or against, a specific number word's use. However, in my research for this, I did stumble across the below original short poem written, as far as I can tell, by a random forum contributor. Again, I look forward to sharing my thoughts as responses to your comments in order to avoid influence but the poem was too good not to share.

      A thing is just one thing

      and a couple things are two

      and if you have three things

      then you say you have a few

      And you start to say there’s several

      after you have four

      and keep on saying several

      even after you have more

      But at some point, you’ll have many

      and that’s the word to choose

      when you have so many things

      that there’s no other word to use

      Did TJ Miller say that women aren't funny?

      In a midsummer interview, following the announcement of his resignation from Silicon Valley, Miller told The Hollywood Reporter and, later, Vulture his thoughts on women. Explaining that, "They’re taught to suppress their sense of humor during their formative years," and that this is why they are "less funny" than men. Naturally, this did not go over well and the internet quickly reacted with fervor.

      A few days after the publication, Miller clarified his position on Twitter. Stating across several tweets the following:

      "Okay, I guess everyone and their parents missed the point—#feminist SOCIETY *suppresses* humor in women bc it is a sign of intelligence...that is THREATENING to men, & so women are taught to suppress those intimidations. It is about SOCIETY's ills, the misogyny of women's humor...Don't get it twisted. The world gets better the more we empower our literal better half."

      Personally, my thought is that the clarification he made on Twitter are probably his actual thoughts on the subject and his original statement was intentionally crafted to cause a rise. He, in a way, alludes to this at an earlier moment in the interview when discussing his Silicon Valley exit and interviews he has given since "It’s more important to be polarizing than neutralizing. That’s my position."

      Aladdin in Robin Williams' will?

      Shortly after Williams' death, a Disney studio executive revealed that the quick-witted comic had left enough jokes and material on the cutting room floor during his original time as the Genie for at least one more full-length Aladdin film to feature the iconic blue hero. Unfortunately, as mentioned on the Podcast, a clause in Williams' will prevents the use of his name, performances, or voice recordings for 25 years after his death. It should be noted that this, despite his tumultuous relationship with Disney, is not an exclusive limitation levied on Disney but rather applied to ANY publishing house that may own copies of his previous work. The rationale behind this clause is to prevent his family from being forced to pay exorbitant posthumous inheritance taxes on money made from his past works.

      Why did Kermit get fired?

      According to a follow-up, Hollywood Reporter interview with Jim Henson's son and the current chairman of the Jim Henson Company, Brian Henson, letting Steve Whitmire go was an inevitability. He went on to state that the puppeteer would make "outrageous demands" and used the example of, "I am now Kermit and if you want the Muppets, you better make me happy because the Muppets are Kermit." Finishing up the interview with a confirmation that Whitmire had been warned several times since the mid-1990s that he was taking it too far and needed to settle down.

      Whitmire, for his part, claims that he was always respectful but was quick to give "lots of definitive notes via emails to this small group about character integrity and always tried to offer alternative solutions." I was unable to find any follow-up comments or responses to the specific statements made by Henson and still holds that the reason for his removal had more to do with a disagreement on union issues than anything else.

      Brian Henson has also stated that Whitmire's portrayal of Kermit over the last 27 years has gotten progressively flatter. Citing his father's legacy and thoughts on innovation, specifically regarding the cancellation of The Muppet Show.

      "He is the guy who canceled The Muppet Show when it was the No. 1 show in the world after five seasons because he was worried he was going to start repeating himself. The last thing my dad would want is that Kermit just keeps doing the same thing over and over and over and is in the same circumstances and having the same attitude. The character needs to be stretched and maintain his heart."

      He has assured fans that the replacement puppeteer, Matt Vogel, who has been with the Jim Henson Company since 1996 and has been responsible for several notable roles over the years including Big Bird and Ernie, is more than capable of providing the innovation that the role needs to make Jim Henson proud. You can be the judge. With Vogel's debut as the voice of Kermit just a few days ago, we all get to be couch-experts on the voice, and mannerisms, of the new Kermit T. Frog.

      If you, like me, aren't really aware of how much of a difference that is because it's been several years since you actually paid attention to the Muppets, here is a quick comparison video a YouTuber put together which lets you hear how Vogel stacks up against Whitmire, Esposito (who voiced Kermit for a few years in the early 2000s), and Jim Henson himself.

      My thoughts on Vogel, like many in the videos' comments have stated, is that he sounds much closer to the original Henson voice than either Whitmire or Esposito, which is fantastic. Unfortunately, we have had three generations of kids grow up not knowing Henson's voice as Kermit's. At some point, there is a good argument to be made for which voice is the "real" voice. This fact is driven home by some of the more vitriolic commenters and their passion for the NotMyKermit and BringBackSteve hashtags.

      If nothing else, all of this drama surrounding a little frog just makes you realize how truly difficult it is to be green. Haha, I couldn't help it!

      Has a female character ever been recast as a male?

      While it certainly is not a common occurrence, there absolutely have been cases of female characters being recast as male. The most surprising fact, or perhaps not, about these recastings are the amount of them that very few people are ever made aware of, despite the popularity of the roles.

      One of the more unknown, but crazy, recastings was that of Mr. Spock from the original Star Trek series. Gene Roddenberry had originally envisioned the second in command of the USS Enterprise to be a cold and calculating woman, named simply Number One. Star Trek fans will recognize the role's title and position would later be repurposed for Commander Riker in The Next Generation. NBC executives at the time were actually less concerned about the second main character of the show is a woman and more concerned that Roddenberry had cast his then-lover and eventual second wife, Majel Barrett, in the role. According to Roddenberry in a later interview, "[I] kept the Vulcan and married the woman, 'cause he didn't think Leonard [Nimoy] would have it the other way around." Barrett was demoted to the much smaller role of Nurse Chapel, however, the episode The Menagerie re-purposes several shots from the unaired pilot and Barrett as the original Number One can be seen briefly.

      Another lesser known recasting that will occasionally find its way into trivia nights at the local bar is the fact that early versions of the original Star Wars screenplay were written with Luke Skywalker as a girl named Starkiller. Granted these were early versions which included, among other things, Han Solo as a giant lizard and Yoda as a literal giant. Somewhere along the way, the screenplay was slowly changed into what we all now know and love but the name Starkiller has lived on via the Dark Jedi apprentice's name in Force Unleashed as well as the star-eating planet sized base in Force Awakens.

      Don't worry, though; space science fiction isn't the only genre to be affected by this atypical recasting choice. I'm sure plenty of Michael Crichton fans were yelling at their screens during the Podcast about the gender swap of Lex and Tim in the movie version of Jurassic Park. In the original story Tim was the older brother who was interested in computers and Lex was his younger sister. When asked about the gender switch, Spielberg stated that he really wanted to work with Joseph Mazzello, the 9-year-old who played Tim, and casting Lex as the teenage girl allowed for a subtle subplot involving her feelings toward Dr. Grant.

      But perhaps the most surprising male-to-female gender swap I stumbled upon was that of Dory. Originally scripted as a forgetful male blue tang, director Andrew Stanton determined later that DeGeneres was the absolute best person to voice the character and completely recreated the character as a female in order to make that work. It should be noted that this rewrite was done before anyone actually approached Ellen to voice everyone's favorite amnesiac, so that was lucky.

      What is a party kazoo called?

      That works. So does party horn, party blower, screamer, squeaker, noise maker, mouth-extender, kazoo strip, and noise machine. Its etymology doesn't actually list a definitive title as it is not known consistently by any one word or variation of words.

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